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Reacting to Vietnam
American Protests Against Vietnam
Sophie, Emily and Kathleen
Olmstead Block 1


REACTING TO VIETNAM


Opposition to the Vietnam War in the United States began with early protests that questioned the morality of U.S. military involvement. Almost every event of the war, including the Tet Offensive, invasion of Cambodia, and the My Lai Massacre, contributed to stronger antiwar beliefs. The UC Berkeley protests, Levitate the Pentagon movement, and Kent State Massacre were prime examples of the opposition.




Chronology


May 13, 1960 - The start of the UC Berkeley protests.external image fuck_the_draft.gif

August 6, 1967 - The peace torch was lit in Hiroshima and was flown to San Francisco.

August 27, 1967 - The torch started its journey across the country to its final destination in Washington D.C.

October 20, 1967 - A couple hundred people went to the United States Justice Department to turn in a thousand draft cards. They silently handed them over the Assistant Attorney General who then sent them to the local draft boards for reappraisal.

October 21, 1967 - 70,000 people marched to Washington D.C. for the “Confront the War Makers” movement also known as Levitate the Pentagon.

January 10, 1968 - June 8, 1968 - The Tet Offensive changed many American's position on the war. The Democratic Convention of 1968 was held in Chicago. 1968 was a huge turning point in America's history, where the youth began to create their own opinions aside of those from previous generations.

April 25, 1970 - Cambodia is invaded, which expanded the Vietnam War.

April 30 - President Nixon announced the bombing of Cambodia.
external image 102061.jpg
May 1
- Protests held at Kent State University (Kent, Ohio) in response to the invasion.

May 2 - Governor Rhodes of Ohio called in for National Guard at Kent State. That night there was a protest and students were putting things on fire. When firemen came, the students threw rocks at them and slashed the fire hose. Later that night, the National Guard entered Kent State and set up camp on the campus. By the next day, there were about 1,000 troops.

May 3 - Rhodes did not declare a state of emergency; if he had then the Kent State protests would have been illegal.

May 4, 1970 - Kent State Massacre takes place.



Works Consulted


"The Pacifica Radio/UC Berkeley Social Activism Sound Recording Project: Anti-Vietnam War Protests in the San Francisco Bay Area & Beyond." UC Berkeley Social Activism. 1996. Moffitt Library. 30 Apr. 2007 http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/pacificaviet/.
This website provides plenty of information on the war in Vietnam and the social activism that went with it. It is perfect for understanding how the students at UC Berkeley, along with other groups, reacted to various parts of the war.

"The Group", Nick, Whitney "The Group", and Ashley "The Group". Chicago Democratic Convention of 1968. 1 May 2007 <http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/systems/agentsheets/New-Vista/chicago68/background.html>.
This page gave information on the protests and arrests during the Democratic Convention of 1968 and was used to write about that event and the effect it had on Americans.

Sills, Steven. "Kent State Massacre." Across the Great Divide. 1 May 2007 <http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/2556/kent.html>.
This page was used to understand personal memories back on the Kent State Massacre and the information learned was used for the Kent State Massacre page.

Kendra, & Mike. Mike and Kendra's Website. 4 May 2001. 1 May 2007 <http://www.may41970.com/>.
This site was used to read more about the events at Kent State and gave information about the three days prior to the massacre.

Freeman, Jo. Levitate the Pentagon (1967). 1 May 2007 <http://www.jofreeman.com/photos/
Pentagon67.html#accounts>.
This is site was used to learn about the “Confront the War Makers” movement and other rallies that happened during the same time period.